Eczema Treatment

Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters may sometimes occur.
The word "eczema" is also used specifically to talk about atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema.
 
Symptoms
 
  1. The symptoms of atopic dermatitis can vary, depending on the age of the person with the condition.
  2. Atopic dermatitis commonly occurs in infants, with dry and scaly patches appearing on the skin. These patches are often intensely itchy.
  3. Most people develop atopic dermatitis before the age of 5 years. Half of those who develop the condition in childhood continue to have symptoms as an adult.
  4. However, these symptoms are often different from those experienced by children.
  5. People with the condition will often experience periods of time where their symptoms flare up or worsen, followed by periods of time where their symptoms will improve or clear up.
 
Causes
 
The specific cause of eczema remains unknown, but it is believed to develop due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Eczema is not contagious.
Children are more likely to develop eczema if a parent has had the condition or another atopic disease.
Environmental factors are also known to bring out the symptoms of eczema, such as:
  1. Irritants: These include soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats, or vegetables.
  2. Allergens: Dust mites, pets, pollens, mold, and dandruff can lead to eczema.
  3. Microbes: These include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.
  4. Hot and cold temperatures: Very hot or cold weather, high and low humidity, and perspiration from exercise can bring out eczema.
  5. Foods: Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, and wheat can cause eczema flare-ups.
  6. Stress: This is not a direct cause of eczema but can make symptoms worse.
  7. Hormones: Women can experience increased eczema symptoms at times when their hormone levels are changing, for example during pregnancy and at certain points in the menstrual cycle.